few traditional windmills
have survived amid the fields of wheat and barley.
the north-east tip of France, Nord-Pas de Calais' farming
has traditionally reflected its cooler climate, compared
with the Mediterranean South.
Wheat & barley
Thanks to generally fertile soils overlying the chalk
hills and valleys, the region's farmers produce some of
France's highest cereal yields: wheat for bread,
and barley the raw material of beer.
Brewers can find all their ingredients locally. As well
as barley, there's pure water from chalk wells and hops
grown on warm hillsides.
[left]: hops - a traditional crop of the Nord, grown
to flavour beer.
Cattle and cheese
Clay soils in the river valleys make fertile pastures, ideal
for dairy farming - producing some interesting local
and a traditional supply of beef for the North's
The drained marshes of the coastal areas support market
gardening, giving the region's cooks a profusion of
vegetables, especially cooler climate varieties such as
onions, garlic, chicory,
root vegetables and cauliflowers. Sugar
beet is grown along
the Belgian border.
The marshes also support pastures for fattening lambs that
have been bred on the hills - a similar pattern to the
traditional farming on Romney Marsh